Oscar Pistorius: what he would face in South African prison
As Oscar Pistorius awaits his verdict, conditions in South Africa's prisons come under the spotlight
Oscar Pistorius faces up to 25 years in prison if he is convicted of the premeditated murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp. The high-profile case, which is finally drawing to a close, has shed a unique light on South Africa's justice system, as well as the country's prisons.
Conditions vary, but one major nationwide issue is overcrowding. The overall prison population in South Africa stands at 157,394, the highest on the continent, according to the latest statistics from the International Centre for Prison Studies. The country's prisons have an occupancy rate of 128 per cent, putting a strain on sanitation, ventilation and medical care.
In some prisons, inmates are kept locked up for 23 hours a day, with just one hour outside their cell. In one prison, the government is investigating claims that inmates were punished with electric shocks, beatings and forced injections.
More than a quarter of South Africa's inmates are pre-trial detainees – an endurance test Pistorius has managed to avoid as he is out on bail. Living conditions for these 44,000 remand detainees have been described as even worse than for sentenced offenders.
One paraplegic man awaiting trial in South Africa told The Guardian he was among 88 men in one cell designed for 32, all sharing one toilet and one shower. The food, he said, was covered in flies and prisoners die in the cells because they cannot get medical attention.
The country's Department of Correctional Services revealed that 650 rapes had been reported in South Africa's prisons between 2010 and 2013. But human rights organisations, such as Just Detention, believe that sexual violence in jails goes "gravely underreported". One young inmate who went to Pretoria High Court last year in an attempt to improve his living arrangements claimed he feared for his life in jail, that he had been raped several times and also contracted HIV.
Laurie Pieters, an offender profiler and criminologist, has described prison in South Africa as "notoriously a very dangerous place" and believes Pistorius would be targeted for his disability as well as his notoriety. "Everybody knows who he is. You are going to have one lot targeting him for money and then maybe even others offering him protection for money," he told the Daily Telegraph.
However, Nooshin Erfani-Ghadimi, project coordinator for Johannesburg civil rights group Wits Justice Project, believes the athlete's medical needs would be taken into account. She told CNN he could be sent to a prison with better medical facilities or wheelchair access.
Defence and prosecution lawyers are due to make their final arguments in front of the Judge Thokozile Masipa on 7 August. As CNN says, Pistorius's lawyers will be fighting hard to make sure he can avoid a stint behind bars.
Oscar Pistorius involved in nightclub fight
Witnesses to a brawl in a South African nightclub say Oscar Pistorius was "drunk and aggressive" this weekend when he got into a fight over the killing of Reeva Steenkamp, his girlfriend of three months whom he shot dead last year.
Pistorius is currently standing trial for Steenkamp's murder. He admits shooting her but says he believed she was an intruder hiding in his bathroom.
The Daily Telegraph says Pistorius got into the fight on Saturday evening in VIP room of a Johannesburg nightclub. A spokesman for the 27-year-old athlete confirmed that the altercation took place but said the other party was the aggressor.
According to the Pistorius camp, he was sitting quietly when the man, named by South African gossip site The Juice as Jared Mortimer, approached him and "aggressively engage[d] him on matters relating to the trial".
Pistorius left the club soon after and now "regrets the decision to go into a public place and thereby inviting unwelcome attention", his spokeswoman said.
According to Mortimer, however, Pistorius was "drunk and very aggressive" and poked Mortimer in the chest, telling him how influential his family was and insisting that they "owned" South African president Jacob Zuma.
Mortimer told The Juice: "He said you'll never get the better of me. I'll always get the better of you." Annoyed by being poked in the chest and pulled around the neck, Mortimer alleges he pushed Pistorius over, leading bouncers to intervene.
The brawl came just hours before the athlete broke his long silence on Twitter. Once a prolific user of the micro-blogging site, Pistorius has only tweeted once in the 12 months since he killed Steenkamp.
The day after the fight, however, he began to post again (see below) – including a lengthy quotation which seemed to compare his own recent life to the ordeal suffered by holocaust survivor Viktor Frankl.
Oscar Pistorius breaks Twitter silence with holocaust text
South African athlete Oscar Pistorius, on trial for murder after shooting dead his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp, has broken his silence on Twitter by quoting a holocaust survivor, Viktor Frankl.
Pistorius was a prolific user of the micro-blogging site until Steenkamp's death in February last year. After he killed her under contested circumstances – he claims he mistook her for an intruder – Pistorius stopped using the site for a year.
Then, on the first anniversary of the Valentine's Day shooting, Pistorius used Twitter to advertise a short tribute he had posted on his own website. He then fell silent again, until yesterday when he tweeted three times, says the Daily Mirror.
The first tweet is a collage of photographs of Pistorius posing with disabled children, presumably taken before Steenkamp's death, to illustrate the text: "You have the ability to make a difference in someones [sic] life. Sometimes it's the simple things you say or do that can make someone feel better or inspire them."
The third post is a religious text - but the second is the most revealing and has attracted the most attention. It is a photograph of a page of text from Man's Search for Meaning, a seminal 1946 work by psychologist and concentration camp survivor Viktor Frankl:
— Oscar Pistorius (@OscarPistorius) July 13, 2014
Frankl was imprisoned in Auschwitz at the age of 39. His wife, brother, father and mother all died in concentration camps. Man's Search for Meaning is a close examination of why some inmates were psychologically broken by the camps, while others were not.
Frankl believed that some victims of the Nazis had survived by fixing their hopes on a beloved person, or on God. It was the thought of that figure which gave them the strength to carry on and avoid sinking into despair.
Pistorius quotes the pivotal moment of Frankl's own imprisonment, when as he suffered he thought of his wife - and understood that "the salvation of man is through love and in love".
The text continues: "I understood how a man who has nothing left in this world still may know bliss, be it only for a brief moment, in the contemplation of his beloved."
Reeva Steenkamp died on 14 February 2013 when Pistorius shot and killed her through a bathroom door. They had been dating for about three months.
The prosecution claims that he killed her intentionally, but he denies the charge. The trial is likely to conclude next month.
More about Oscar Pistorius:
Oscar Pistorius trial: what happens next Oscar Pistorius: some defence witnesses refused to testify Oscar Pistorius judge's concern over mysterious missing cordOscar Pistorius: seven key quotes from the murder trial Pistorius cannot dodge jail with murder acquittal alone Six questions for Judge Masipa Family denies athlete took acting lessons Reeva 'had no time to scream' Pistorius told: 'You are getting deeper into trouble' Pistorius describes night he shot Reeva Steenkamp Police release photos of crime scene Five questions Pistorius will need to answer Pistorius used bullets that cause 'maximum wounding'