In Depth

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos wins Nobel Peace Prize

Committee honours politician's efforts to agree a peace deal with Farc rebels after 52-year conflict

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has been awarded the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to draw his country's five-decade conflict with Farc rebels to a close.

He will receive a medal, a diploma, the title of Nobel Laureate and a financial award worth about £735,000.

Judges on the Nobel committee in Norway praised his efforts to agree a peace deal with Farc rebels, signed last month after a four-year negotiations period.

The deal was rejected by Colombians in a referendum last weekend, but the committee said it hoped the prize would "give [Santos] strength to succeed in this demanding task" and that the Colombian people will "reap the fruits of the reconciliation process" in years to come.

An estimated 260,000 people have died during the 52-year conflict, with more than six million people internally displaced. Santos's negotiations had "brought the bloody conflict significantly closer to a peaceful solution", said the Nobel judges.

Here are some of the other individuals and groups believed to have been in contention for this year's Nobel Peace Prize:

Syria's White Helmets

The White Helmets are a group of 3,000 volunteers who put their lives in harm's way to save Syrians on a daily basis. Named after the colour of their headwear, the group includes men and women from all backgrounds – including some of the country's most accomplished thinkers.

"What the White Helmets accomplish may seem like a drop in the ocean, but what they represent is immense: resilience and bravery in the face of barbarism," says The Guardian.

Svetlana Gannushkina

Prominent Russian human rights activist Svetlana Gannushkina's Civic Assistance Committee provides legal help, aid and education to migrants and refugees and says it has helped more than 50,000 people since 1990.

However, Civic Assistance was last year labelled a "foreign agent" by the Russian government and experts say giving Gannushkina the prize might have led to a backlash from Moscow.

Pope Francis

The Pope would have been the first ever leader of the Roman Catholic Church to win the prize. The pontiff has called for world action on the refugee crisis and helped rescue 12 Muslim refugees from a camp in Greece in April, housing them in the Vatican. "Pope Francis's commitment to compassion and peace is truly global," said Time magazine, which named him their Person of the Year in 2013.

The residents of Lesbos

Slate magazine believed this year's prize might have gone to the residents of the Greek island of Lesbos, who help the refugees and migrants washing up near their homes.

One resident, Emilia Kamvysi, was picked out as a potentially symbolic choice after a photo of her with two other elderly women helping a Syrian mother went viral. The women became symbols of Greek generosity towards the refugees who have fled to Europe in recent years.

Kamvysi pledged to give her share of the prize money to the decaying Greek healthcare system if she won. "I wish that Greece wins this prize, not just me," she said.

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