Villains of 2016
In a series of performances reminiscent of a Fawlty Towers episode, Ken Livingstone seemed unable to appear in public without alluding to Adolf Hitler in some way. It all started during a seemingly harmless interview on the BBC, when the former mayor of London suggested Hitler had supported Zionism. The subsequent media backlash featured the veteran politician hiding in a disabled toilet to avoid questions on the subject and he was eventually suspended from the Labour Party for his comments. Despite this, Livingstone has continued to bring up Hitler in subsequent interviews about Fidel Castro, Keith Vaz and Syria.
This year has had its fair share of unsavoury politicians, but no one quite matches Filipino President Rodrigo Duterte. Having assumed office in June following a campaign in which he promised to kill tens of thousands of criminals, Duterte has kept his word, with police reporting the deaths of 2,086 people in anti-drug operations. More than 3,000 others have been killed in unexplained circumstances, which human rights groups blame on state-sponsored vigilantism and gangs exploiting an atmosphere of impunity. Duterte has also managed to call US President Barack Obama the "son of a whore" and claimed to have personally killed suspected criminals while mayor of Davao city - an announcement that could seem him impeached.
Sir Philip Green
BHS's former owner has seen a shocking fall from grace this year. Sir Philip Green sold the high street chain in 2015, but it collapsed a year later with the loss of 11,000 jobs and carrying a £571m pension deficit. A damning MPs' report concluded he had extracted large sums from BHS and left it on "life support". The Commons also passed a motion unanimously calling for his knighthood to be revoked. However, there may yet be salvation for Green in the form of a deal to fund the pension shortfall.
On 7 May 2015, David Cameron stood outside No10 having finally won a majority in the House of Commons. On 23 June 2016, he stood outside the famous black door to resign as prime minister, having called and lost the EU referendum. As if to rub it in, an academic report placed him third in a list of the worst post-war prime ministers, saying: "David Cameron's reputation and place in history seems destined to be defined by Brexit."
This year saw the academy's second consecutive all-white shortlist for the best actor and actress awards, something that did not go unnoticed. A boycott initiated by director Spike Lee gained the support of some of the industry's most prominent people and shone an uncomfortable light on the lack of diversity among the Oscar judges. The host of the awards, Chris Rock, tackled the issue head-on in his opening monologue, saying the reason black people hadn't protested about diversity in previous years was because they were "too busy being raped and lynched to care about who won best cinematographer". There are signs of change, though, with Gil Robertson, the co-founder and president of the African American Film Critics Association, declaring this year "a bonanza year for black cinema" and the academy promising to make significant changes to its shortlisting process.
Team USA topped the Summer Olympics table with 121 medals in Rio, but there wasn't such a happy ending for one of its team members. Swimmer Ryan
Lochte told a US interviewer he had been robbed at gunpoint on a night out in Brazil when in fact, he had drunkenly vandalised a petrol station before fleeing the scene. He later admitted he had "exaggerated the story" and described his behaviour as "immature".