In Brief

Venezuela inflation to hit 1,000,000% by year’s end

Calls to ‘dollarise’ the country likely to fall on deaf ears as country nears collapse

A top UN official has warned that Venezuela is on the verge of turning into an “absolute disaster of unprecedented proportions” after the International Monetary Fund (IMF) predicted the inflation rate in the country could reach 1,000,000% by the end of the year.

Venezuela has been suffering a dramatic economic collapse since oil prices nosedived nearly four years ago and authorities have refused to enact economic adjustments. “A number of price and exchange controls only added to the distortions” says Bloomberg.

Alejandro Werner, head of the IMF’s Western Hemisphere department, forecasts the economy to shrink 18% in 2018, the third consecutive year of double-digit contractions, as oil production falls significantly.

Writing in a blog post for Bloomberg subscribers, Werner compared the current crisis to that of Germany in 1923 or Zimbabwe in the late 2000s, adding: “The collapse in economic activity, hyperinflation, and increasing deterioration in the provision of public goods as well as shortages of food at subsidised prices have resulted in large migration flows, which will lead to intensifying spillover effects on neighbouring countries”.

The New York Times reports that “on the streets of Caracas, the capital, prices have skyrocketed to levels so high that many vendors now refuse to take bolívars bank notes, the national currency, because their value is eroding so fast”.

Store owners guess the prices they should be charging for goods, restaurant menus change weekly, and the price of the dollar, sold on the black market, has reached 3.5 million bolivars.

It follows a two-decades long mass exodus that has seen between 4 and 5 million Venezuelans leave the country since 1999, “one of the biggest population moves in Latin American history”, says the Daily Express.

While blaming the dire economic situation squarely on the socialist policies of Venezuela’s President, Nicolas Maduro, and his predecessor Huge Chavez, Steve Hanke of the Johns Hopkins University and one of the world's leading experts on hyperinflation, says Venezuela's hyperinflation could stop today, if the country adopted the dollar.

“Dollarise the economy officially” he says. “Hyperinflation would stop within a few minutes. It would be over. The thing would turn around on a dime”.

CBN News says “it is not clear if President Maduro would ever allow a switch to the dollar” even thought he has taken measures to stem the tide.

On Tuesday, the president, who survived an alleged assassination attempt earlier this month, announced he would be ending some fuel subsidies.

Like most oil producing countries, Venezuela has “for decades subsidised fuel as a benefit to consumers, but its fuel prices have remained nearly flat for years despite hyperinflation”, says the Daily Telegraph.

This means that for the price of a cup of coffee, a driver can now fill the tank of a small SUV nearly 9,000 times, creating huge incentives for smugglers.

Recommended

Biden mulls Bolsonaro climate deal amid ‘record assault’ on Amazon
Jair Bolsonaro
Between the lines

Biden mulls Bolsonaro climate deal amid ‘record assault’ on Amazon

How can Joe Biden solve the US-Mexican border problem?
US border guards with a group of detained migrants
In Depth

How can Joe Biden solve the US-Mexican border problem?

Colombia erupts into violence amid pandemic tax rise protests
Protesters clash with riot police in Bogota
In Depth

Colombia erupts into violence amid pandemic tax rise protests

Why Chile’s rapid vaccine rollout has failed to prevent Covid surge
A Chilean woman shows her vaccination card
Getting to grips with . . .

Why Chile’s rapid vaccine rollout has failed to prevent Covid surge

Popular articles

The link between Bill Gates and Jeffrey Epstein examined
Bill Gates
Behind the scenes

The link between Bill Gates and Jeffrey Epstein examined

TV crime dramas to watch in 2021
Chris Rock stars in the fourth series of Fargo
In Review

TV crime dramas to watch in 2021

Ten Things You Need to Know Today: 18 May 2021
10 Downing Street
Daily Briefing

Ten Things You Need to Know Today: 18 May 2021