In Brief

Fracking unsuitable for UK, geologist claims

Professor John Underhill says it is '55 million years too late' to exploit 'hyped' oil reserves

The UK is unsuitable for fracking and its shale gas reserves have been "hyped", one of the country's leading geologists has claimed.

Professor John Underhill, chief scientist at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, believes the UK is "55 million years too late" for the gas extraction technique to work.

The government says that drilling into the earth and injecting liquid into rock at high pressure, forcing apart fractures and releasing gas, is a potentially lucrative source of energy. Opponents, however, claim fracking is harmful to the environment and affects the health of those who live nearby.

The amount of shale gas available in the UK is acknowledged to be "a great unknown", says the BBC.

Speaking to the broadcaster, Prof Underhill said his research on the influence of tectonic plates on the UK suggested the shale formations have been lifted, warped and cooled by tectonic action. He said the government would be "wise" to formulate a Plan B for the UK's future gas supply.

Mary Church, head of campaigns for Friends of the Earth Scotland, told The Independent that the report "adds weight to the already overwhelming case against fracking in Scotland, or indeed anywhere in these isles".

"Fracking presents a whole host of risks to people's health and our local environment," Church said, "while in the context of irreversible climate change, going after a new source of fossil fuels is quite literally the last thing we should be doing."

The government's own opinion tracker shows public support for fracking has fallen to 16 per cent, with opposition at 33 per cent. However, it also reported a lack of knowledge of the technology, with 48 per cent of people neither supporting nor opposing it.

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