In Depth

Is Sharia law creating a 'parallel UK legal system'?

Sharia law's critics say it discriminates against women, but supporters claim it poses no threat to British justice

CALLS for a parliamentary review of the scale and impact of Sharia law in the UK have been renewed after guidelines for drawing up "Sharia-compliant" wills were issued by The Law Society.

What are Sharia-compliant wills?

Sharia has strict succession rules and the document explains how to draft a will using those Islamic rules of inheritance, while still remaining valid under British law. The guidelines were issued to lawyers in England and Wales to help them navigate the two different legal systems.

Campaigners have criticised the decision, saying it legitimises religious discrimination against women, while the Sunday Telegraph last week claimed that Sharia law is to be "enshrined in British law" as a result of the guidance.

However, Sam Leith in the Evening Standard argues that British law will not have to change to accommodate Sharia-compliant wills, as it already allows people the freedom to leave what they want to whom they choose.

Sharia law's status in the UK

Sharia has no legal jurisdiction in England and Wales, and "the government has no intention to change this position", a spokesman for the Ministry of Justice told the Daily Telegraph after its sister paper broke the story.

In response to a petition to "ban all Sharia law in the UK" the government said that "if any of the decisions or recommendations they make are contrary to national law (including the Equality Act 2010) then national law prevails".

The Sharia Council acknowledges that it is "not yet" legally recognised by UK authorities, but maintains that it has taken "preparatory steps towards the final goal of gaining the confidence of the host community in the soundness of the Islamic legal system".

What do Sharia courts do?

Many, mostly unofficial, Sharia courts have been set up in Muslim communities to help resolve civil and family disputes using Islamic law instead of local authorities or the formal court system. An estimated 85 courts operate across the country.

A few Sharia courts are recognised as tribunals under the Arbitration Act and provide a form of "alternative dispute resolution". They have the power to set commercial contracts, settle inheritance battles and marital disputes, but only offer "mediation rather than adjudication".

Why do some people oppose them?

An undercover Panorama investigation last year highlighted "disturbing" instances where Sharia courts advised women to return to violent marriages or gave custody of their children to abusive partners.

Cross-party peer Baroness Cox, who campaigns to protect women from religiously sanctioned discrimination, told the Telegraph: "This violates everything that we stand for," she said. "It would make the Suffragettes turn in their graves."

Campaigners have warned that the rise of Sharia could create a "parallel legal system" within Britain's Muslim community. "They're totally unregulated, unauthorised, there's no accountability, and many of them are not operating in accordance with UK law," says barrister Charlotte Proudman.

What about other religious courts?

Some argue that Sharia courts are no different from Beth Din, long-established Jewish community courts in which proceedings are conducted in accordance with English law, but are rooted in religious principles.

The Sharia council claims that campaigns targeting only Islamic courts are "designed to increase the sense of mistrust of Muslims that already exists in wider society."

Recommended

The Pandora Papers: will the war on tax dodgers ever end?
Pandora Papers seen on a screen
Between the lines

The Pandora Papers: will the war on tax dodgers ever end?

‘Cruel indifference’: the disgrace of the French Catholic Church
Rosary beads on a bible
In Brief

‘Cruel indifference’: the disgrace of the French Catholic Church

Supreme Court to grapple with ‘most divisive issues in US life’
Pro-choice activists protest outside the US Supreme Court
In Depth

Supreme Court to grapple with ‘most divisive issues in US life’

All you need to know about the Pandora Papers
Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis features in the massive financial data leak
Fact file

All you need to know about the Pandora Papers

Popular articles

Insulate Britain: what do they want?
Insulate Britain protesters
Profile

Insulate Britain: what do they want?

The tally of Covid-19 vaccine deaths examined
Boy receiving Covid vaccine
Getting to grips with . . .

The tally of Covid-19 vaccine deaths examined

‘Missing’ man joins search party looking for himself
Turkish police
Tall Tales

‘Missing’ man joins search party looking for himself

The Week Footer Banner