In Depth

Why everyone’s talking about Rio Tinto

What next for the mining giant after the destruction of sacred Aboriginal sites in Australia?

Rio Tinto is on the search for a new chief executive following an inquiry into the destruction of a 46,000-year-old sacred Aboriginal site in Western Australia. 

The world’s second largest mining company confirmed on Friday that CEO Jean-Sébastien Jacques will step down while Chris Salisbury, chief executive iron ore, and Simone Niven, group executive corporate relations, will also leave their roles. 

What happened?

Two ancient caves at Juukan Gorge in Western Australia’s Pilbara region were destroyed in May, despite the opposition of Aboriginal traditional owners. The decision “sparked widespread condemnation from shareholders and the public”, BBC News reports. 

After caving in to pressure, Rio Tinto announced the shake-up of its executive team. 

The process to identify Jacques’ successor is underway and he will remain as CEO until 31 March 2021 or when a replacement is appointed. Salisbury steps down with immediate effect and will leave Rio Tinto on 31 December. Niven will also depart on 31 December. 

In a statement Rio Tinto said it “deeply regrets” the events at Juukan Gorge. Chairman Simon Thompson added: “What happened at Juukan was wrong and we are determined to ensure that the destruction of a heritage site of such exceptional archaeological and cultural significance never occurs again at a Rio Tinto operation. 

“We are also determined to regain the trust of the Puutu Kunti Kurrama and Pinikura people and other traditional owners.” 

‘An act of barbarism’

Friday’s long anticipated announcement was “further evidence of a tectonic shift in the power balance within corporate Australia”, says broadcaster ABC. Even late last week the company was “desperately resisting pressure” to dump Jacques.

Describing the Juukan Gorge catastrophe as “an act of barbarism”, ABC’s Ian Verrender said: “It was the equivalent of the Taliban’s 2001 detonation of the world’s tallest standing Buddhas in Afghanistan’s Bamiyan Valley, which was condemned across the globe. Where the Taliban acted out of a misguided sense of religion, Rio did it for the money.”

The sacking of the three executives “isn’t enough for mining investors”, The Guardian reports, and shareholder and indigenous groups insist the move “must signal the start of a major overhaul of the way all mining companies operate in the region”.

Australian newspaper The Age says Rio Tinto will “need to do more to rebuild its standing”.

What happens next?

The next chief executive has their “work cut out”, says The Australian, and faces a “laundry list of cultural and corporate issues to work through”. 

Indigenous leaders - and shareholders - are “demanding an independent review into all of the miner’s agreements with traditional landowners across its Australian operations”, says The Sydney Morning Herald.

Debby Blakey, the chief executive of the Hesta community group, said an independent review was still necessary despite the removal of the three executives. “The board has yet to adequately demonstrate to investors that they have appropriate governance and oversight arrangements in place to manage this risk,” Blakey said.

The National Native Title Council, which represents 70 traditional owner groups and native title bodies, supports Hesta’s proposal, the Sydney Morning Herald added. 

The council’s Jamie Lowe said: “It took a catastrophe for people to start looking at this, it took something this dramatic. But to press the reset button, there needs to be a forensic review of their systems, of the culture within their workplace and the values within their workplace.”

Australia’s treasurer Josh Frydenberg has today called on Rio Tinto to appoint an Australian as its next chief executive, the Financial Times reports. 

“Rio Tinto is one of the great companies of the world with a proud Australian history,” he said. “With the vast majority of its revenue coming from Australia, it is fitting to once again see an Australian as chief executive along with the majority of the board.”

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